Thursday, July 29, 2010

VT1-A MBT To Morocco

According to the website (here), the Moroccan Army recently acquired 150 MBT2000 VT1-A from Norino.

Will update when more details become available

My VT1-1 entry from 2009.

Monday, September 14, 2009
VT1A Main Battle Tank.
Norinco's VT1A MBT was first revealed in the October 2009 issue of "Ordnance Knowledge", a Norinco owned monthly magazine -- The VT1A MBT is a scaled down Type98/99 MBT built for export and similar to rest of the Type98/99 series of MBT, it's driver seat is located at the center of the hull and forward of the turret.

The Type99 MBT has been in PLA service approaching its 10th year and until now it has not been offered for export for number of reason: some of the potential customers might not have the necessary infrastructure to support or able to afford the high price associated with a 57 ton beast. In the past, Norinco has focused its sales effort with the Type96 and while it scored some success but in light of all the T-72 and T-54 upgrade packages that flooded the market in recent years, the Type96 might no longer be competitive in the international market place.

To reduce the total cost of ownership and combat weight to more manageable of 49 tons, the VT1A is not packaged with the 2nd generation ERA, active defense protection systems, D-3 infra-red jammer nor the much discussed a laser-dazzler device that are normally found on the Type 99. However, it can still perform the "rotation with pivot" in the center of the body by moving tracks from both sides in opposite directions. This capability allows The Type 99 to rotate 180 degrees in narrate streets making it a lethal adversary in MOUT. (Military Operations on Urban Terrain)

For more detail on the Type99/98 see

The New Chinese Type 98 MBT: A Second Look Reveals More Details
The Chinese Type 98 Main Battle Tank: A New Beast from the East

VT1A Specifications

Full Weight: 49 Tons
Turret root Height: 2.4 m
Width with track shield: 3.5m
Crew: 3 with auto-loader.
Power: 1200 hp
Engine: Water-cooled turbocharged diesel
Power-weight ratio: 24 hp / ton
Max speed: Highway speed 69 km/hour
Range: 450 km
Main Armament: 125 mm smoothbore


duskylim said...

So this tank - the VT1-A - was not just a prototype design - it was actually produced by NORINCO?

Pity that there are no pictures of the tank without camouflage.

It appears to be a derivative of the T-72 with a Chinese-style polygonal turret and blocks of reactive armor.

It also has the Leopard II - like arrow frontal turret.

I suppose it carries the Chinese copy of the Soviet 125 mm smooth bore gun?

Coatepeque said...

here is my last blog entry on the VT-1A with photos

Type99 said...


Just because it shares 125mm gun, it makes it a "T 72 derivitive"?

You just listed the differences, so how can it be linked to T 72. VT1 A MBT, is very similiar to Al Khalid or MT 2000 tank.

duskylim said...


For me, the key to calling it a T-72 derivative was based on the chassis, suspension, glacis and layout - not just the 125 mm smooth bore gun.

It has six road wheels on either side with torsion bar suspension, like a T-72.

The face pattern on the road wheels themselves are very similar to that of a T-72.

(Contrast this to the road wheels on the Type 88/96 which are US-style).

It has a shallow-sloped front glacis plate with v-ribbing and a centrally-located driver's position - again like that of a T-72.

The front fenders and the track pattern are similar to that of a T-72.

The transverse, rear-engine and transmission placement are similar to that of the T-72.

I admit the engine is a Chinese copy of a German heavy-duty, turbo-charged V-8 rather than the Soviet V-12 diesel.

And incidentally the Al-Khalid and the MBT-2000 are both derivatives of the T-72 design - for the very reasons I have sited.

What made the Soviet gun less accurate was

1) the inferior quality of ammunition, particularly the APFSDS rounds.

Soviet rounds used bore-riding fins to stabilize themselves in gun barrel.

However, in flight over longer ranges, those fins cause high drag that rapidly reduced muzzle velocity (along with the penetration) over 2000 meters.

2) Soviet gun barrels were not as well-made or intended to last as long as Western barrels, and tended to distort under higher pressures and temperatures, again reducing accuracy.

Type99 said...


My intention is not to sound rude, but what pictures are you looking at inregards VT1-A?

If you looking at the very first pictures of Type 90, which available on sinodefence type 90 article, you will notice Turret is very, in comparison to Al Khalid/VT1-A. AL Khalid in appearance is the twin of VT1-A.

If you look on Pakistan defence forums galleries you will notice that you are wrong to say Chassis/splash board are same. The T 72 is more angled, whereas Al Khalid has similiar front chassis as M1 tank.

The exaust outlet is on the rear, whereas T 72 is on side. The tread design is rubber coated hard to see metallic track

Yes certain features are similiar to T 72, such as the fender, I assume you mean self intrenching device? does not need to be changed, similiarly road wheels are well designed, so why change?

Alt of what you listed is found on T 80 tank. VT1-A/Al Khalid followed conventional design principles to save time and money, when it was being developed.